Abilene is a city in and the county seat of Dickinson County, Kansas. Its population at the 2010 census was 6,844. The name is Biblical in origin, and means "city of the plains".
The city has one local newspaper. It was primarily a railroad town, and still has a tourist route. Recreational options include theater, parks, and a wax museum.
Former President of the United States and five-star general Dwight D. Eisenhower grew up in Abilene, and was also buried here with his wife.