Albuquerque is the largest city in New Mexico which is situated in west-central New Mexico on the upper Rio Grande.
Spanish settlers arrived in the mid-1600s, but they retreated from the area in 1680 after the Pueblo revolt. The old town was founded in 1706 by Don Francisco Cuervo y Valdés, the governor of New Mexico. The city was named after the Duke of Alburquerque, the viceroy of New Spain.
The new town was laid out in 1880 afterthe Santa Fe Railroad was built one mile east of the original plaza. The Spanish old town and the mission church of San Felipe de Neri in 1706 were soon enveloped by the new construction but survive today.
The city is noted as a center for health and medical services in the region, government agencies, nuclear research, banking. Tourism are important to the economy. There is a growing high-tech center in Albuquerque, and Intel Corp.'s largest manufacturing facility is located there.
Albuquerque is the seat of the University of New Mexico. Its numerous attractions include the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, Petroglyph National Monument, the Sandia Mountain Wilderness, Albuquerque Biological Park and the National Atomic Museum.