Geographically split by the Greenbrier River, with porttions lying in both the counties of Greenbrier and Monroe. Amtrak offers transportation services and the Federal Bureau of Prisons is the largest employer. Alderson has a total area of about a sq. mile. Historically it is also famous with various archeological remains. It boasts the second largest July celebration Ada Beatrice Queen Victoria Louise Virginia Smith, popularly known as Bricktop was a noted resident of the town.