Arcadia is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California. Arcadia is located approximately 13 miles (21 km) northeast of downtown Los Angeles in the San Gabriel Valley and at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains. The city is named after Arcadia, Greece.
By the turn of the 20th century, Arcadia had a population nearing 500, and a economy that was becoming based on entertainment, sporting, hospitality and gambling opportunities. Arcadia largely grew up as the well-to-do suburb of neighboring Pasadena. The postwar boom saw Arcadia grow rapidly into a suburban residential community, with many of the chicken ranches being subdivided into home lots. Between 1940 and 1950, the population grew by more than two and a half times. The housing boom continued through the 1950s and 1960s and along with that growth came the necessary infrastructure of schools, commercial buildings, and expanded city services.
Arcadia's economy is driven by wholesale trade, retail trade, manufacturing, health care and social assistance, arts, entertainment, and recreation. With the turn of 21st century, the city also became the residence of choice for many corporate chief executives, including those in aerospace, the horse racing industry, and finance. Revenue from the Santa Anita Racetrack has long supported capital improvements for the City of Arcadia, resulting in the City having very little bonded indebtedness.
Some of the top employers of the city are: Vons, Emergency Groups' Office, Macy's, Nordstrom, WorleyParsons and J. C. Penney.