Austin is the state capital of Texas. It is the fourth-largest city in Texas. Austin is situated in the south-central part of the state on the bank of River Colorado.
In 1838 the site was called Waterloo . It was incorporated as a city in 1839 and chosen as the capital of the independent Republic of Texas. Waterloo was renamed Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin who was the founder of the Texas Republic. Austin, became the permanent capital of the state of Texas in 1870.
Austin's growth was spurred by several developments after the Civil War. The railroads reached the city in the 1870 it was crossed by the important Chisholm cattle trail; and it became the seat of the state university in 1883.
Austin has a growing commercial and diversified manufacturing sector. Civilian government employment is important to the economy. Austin is a major center for research and development. It is nationally recognized as a high-technology center and home to the University of Texas,
Austin's tourist spots include the Austin Museum of Art, the Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum, the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, and the Austin Zoo.