Baltimore is the largest city in Maryland. It is situated in the northern part of the state on the bank of Patapsco River estuary.
The town was named after Lord Baltimore, the founder of Maryland. The site was settled in the early 17th century and founded as a town in 1729. It has an excellent harbor. It also has been a principal port since the 18th century. Baltimore was a pioneer shipbuilding center. The Baltimore clipper was used extensively in world trade.
The city suffered a lot because of the nation's wars. The British bombarded nearby Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. Baltimore was occupied by Union troops throughout the Civil War. The city was also a magnificient shipbuilding and supply center during the World Wars.
The economy of Baltimore is versatile, with strong financial, legal, and nonprofit service industries. The city also leads in scientific research and development through two highly acclaimed medical institutions namely Johns Hopkins Hospital and University of Maryland Hospital.
Baltimore is also a significant tourist sector. Major tourist attractions include the the National Aquarium, Harborplace, the Maryland Science Center, the Babe Ruth Museum, Fort McHenry National Monument, and Pimlico Race Course, site of the Preakness.