Barrow is the largest city of the North Slope Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. It is the northernmost city in the United States of America, as well as one of the northernmost cities in the world. The nearby Point Barrow is the northernmost point of USA. Barrow's population was 4,212 at the 2010 census.
The city was named after Sir John Barrow of the British Admiralty. The location has been home to Native Inupiat Eskimo people for over 1,000 years under the name Ukpeagvik or "place where snowy owls are hunted".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21 sq miles. 18 sq miles of it is land and 3 sq miles of it is water. The total area is 14% water. The predominant land type in Barrow is tundra, which sits on permafrost that is as deep as 1,300 feet. Barrow is surrounded by the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska.
Barrow is the economic center of the North Slope Borough, the city's primary employer, and numerous businesses provide support services to oil field operations. State and federal agencies also provide employment. The midnight sun has attracted tourism and arts and crafts provide some cash income. Many residents rely upon subsistence food sources like whale, seal, polar bear, walrus, waterfowl, caribou and fish, that are harvested from the coast or nearby rivers and lakes. Barrow is the headquarters of the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation.