Boston is the state capital and is the largest city in Massachusetts. It is located in the eastern part of the state on Massachusetts Bay.
The first European settler was Rev. William Blackstone, who arrived in 1623. He was joined by Puritans from England in 1630. They named their new town Boston, after the former home of many of them in Lincolnshire, England. In 1635, they opened the first free public school in America. Today, the Boston area is home to 68 colleges and universities.
Boston is one of the major industrial, financial, and educational hubs and has one of the finest ports in the world. The city's banking and financial services, insurance, and real estate sectors continue to drive Boston's economy. Boston is also a leading city in health care, with 25 inpatient hospitals and numerous community health centers. The city's unique cultural and historic heritage makes it a center of tourism. The hotel industry of Boston ranks among the best in the nation in occupancy. Boston's other businesses are in high technology, biotechnology, software, and electronics.
The city's tourist spots include Faneuil Hall Marketplace, the JFK Library and Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts, the New England Aquarium, the USS Constitution, and many historic buildings and neighborhoods.