Canterbury is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire. Its population at the 2010 census was 2,352. The town was incorporated in 1741.
The Ayers State Forest and Shaker State Forest are in this town. Canterbury hosts an annual Canterbury Fair.
The Shaker Village is the most popular site here, where over 300 people lived, worked and prayed in the nineteenth century. Now, the site is a museum, founded in 1969, to preserve the heritage of the utopian sect. Canterbury Shaker Village is an internationally known, non-profit historic site with 25 original Shaker buildings, 4 reconstructed Shaker buildings and 694 acres of forest, fields, gardens and mill ponds under permanent conservation easement. It has been designated a National Historic Landmark for its architectural integrity and significance.