Chicago is the largest city in Illinois. It stretches for 22 miles along the southwest shore of Lake Michigan in the northeast part of the state. The name Chicago came from an Algonquian word meaning “onion” or “skunk.”
Chicago, laid out in 1830 was incorporated as a village in 1833 and therafter as a city in 1837. In the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, an area of the city about 4 mile long and nearly a mile wide (more than two thousand acres) was totally demolished. Much of the city, including the railroads and stockyards, survived intact.
Chicago is a major Lakes port and the commercial, financial, industrial, and cultural center of the Midwest. Manufacturing industries dominate the wholesale and retail trade. The agricultural commodities of the city is important to the economy. The Chicago Board of Trade is the largest agricultural futures market in the world.
Chicago's major attractions are the Art Institute of Chicago, the Field Museum of Natural History, the Jane Addams–Hull House Museum, Navy Pier, and numerous architectural landmarks such as the Sears Tower and Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House.