Cleveland, the second-largest city in Ohio is located in the northeast part of the state on Lake Erie.
The city was founded in 1796 by Gen. Moses Cleaveland, who was the head surveyor of the Connecticut Land Company. This company had bought 3 million acres in what is now northern Ohio. A permanent settlement was founded in 1799, named after the general.
Greater Cleveland has long been famous as a durable goods manufacturing area. Following the national trend, however, Cleveland has been shifting to a more services-based economy. Greater Cleveland is a world corporate center for leading national and multinational companies in industries ranging from transportation, insurance, retailing, and utilities, to commercial banking and finance.Cleveland's industrial growth was generated by the opening of the Ohio and Erie canals in 1832. By the advent of the Civil War and with the increasing demand for machinery, railroad equipment, ships, and other items the production increased. Today, the port of Cleveland is the largest overseas general cargo port on Lake Erie.
Cleveland's cultural attractions include the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Cleveland Orchestra. Cleveland Orchestra is one of the country's most highly acclaimed symphony orchestras. Jacobs Field, a major league ballpark, and the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame also attracts thousands of visitors to the city.