Colorado Springs is the second-largest city in Colorado. It comprises three-quarters of the county's population. It is located on the edge of the Rocky Mountains, to the west and the Great Plains to the east.
Gen. William Jackson Palmer, founded the city in 1871. The development of Colorado Springs was influenced in part by an influx of English tourists later and by the discovery of gold in nearby Cripple Creek in the 1890s. several businessmen and philanthropists, such as Spencer Penrose, Charles Tutt, and Winfield Scott Stratton, contributed to establish the city's infrastructure. .They also helped to shape its popularity as a tourist destination.
Colorado Springs sold a large amount of land just south of the city to the military during World War II. The military presence in Colorado Springs continued to grow with the establishment of the U.S. Air Force Academy there in the 1950s, and later, the construction of Peterson Air Force Base, Falcon Air Force Base, and Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base. The bases are all home to space command centers with Cheyenne Mountain housing the headquarters for the North American Aerospace Defense Command [NORAD]. Colorado Springs earned national reputation as the leading center for military space operations.
The city's economy rests on tourism to a great extent. The city is the headquarters of the U.S. Olympic Committee and Olympic Training Center facility.Colorado Springs has gained a strong platform in the electronics, high-technology, and manufacturing industries.