Elko is a city in and the county seat of Elko County, Nevada. The city sits on the Humboldt River, and its population at the 2010 census was 18,297. Elko is the main city of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Elko and Eureka counties. The Great Basin College and the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office that serves most of northern and central Nevada are both located here.
The main contributors to the local economy include gold mining, ranching, and tourism. The city is considered the capital of Nevada's goldbelt, and the local economy thrives and slumps as per the rise and fall in prices of gold. The town is surrounded by hundreds of abandoned mining camps, and viewing them is a popular local activity.
Popular cultural activities here include the National Cowboy Poetry Gathering, National Basque Festival and the Elko Motorcycle Jamboree. It also has a number of casinos.
The population has a majority of White Americans. A significant percentage of the population comprises people of Hispanic origin, and a small percentage of the population comprises Native Americans.