Harrisburg is the capital of the United States Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It lies on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, 105 miles (169 km) west-northwest of Philadelphia.As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 49,528, making it the ninth largest city in Pennsylvania.
Harrisburg gained importance in the latter half of the 19th Century in the steel industry. It was an important railroad center. Steel and iron became dominant industries. Steel and other industries continued to play an important role in the local economy throughout the latter part of the 19th century. The city was the center of enormous railroad traffic. Its steel industry supported large furnaces, rolling mills, and machine shops. The Pennsylvania Steel Company plant,in 1866, opened in nearby Steelton was the first in the country.It was later operated by Bethlehem Steel.
Harrisburg is the metropolitan center for some 400 communities. Its economy and more than 7,000 businesses are diversified with a large representation of service-related industries.It include especially health-care and a growing technological industry to accompany the dominant government field inherent to being the state's capital. National firms either headquartered in the region or with major operations include Tyco Electronics, EDS, IBM, Hershey Foods, Harsco Corporation, and Rite Aid Corporation. The largest employers, the federal and state governments provide stability to the economy. The regions extensive transportation infrastructure has allowed it become a prominent center for trade, warehousing, and distribution.
The top employers of Harrisburg include Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,United States Federal government, United States Federal government, including the military ,Penn State Harrisburg, including Penn State Hershey Medical Center and Penn State Dickinson School of Law ,The Hershey Company-Food manufacturer,Wal-Mart Stores- retail store chain,Highmark - Health insurance,TE Connectivity-Electronic component manufacturer,PinnacleHealth System, including Harrisburg Hospital and Polyclinic Medical Center,Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company, including Hersheypark and Giant Food Stores.