Jacksonville is Florida's largest city. It is located in the northeast corner of Florida on the banks of the St. Johns River. It is the largest metropolitan area in northeast Florida and southeast Georgia.
French, Spanish, and English explorers and colonists were attracted to the region by the St. Johns River. The site was settled by Lewis Hogans in 1816. Jacksonville was formally laid out in the year 1822. It was named after Gen. Andrew Jackson who was the first military governor of Florida.
Much of the city was destroyed by Union forces during the Civil War. The city was rebuilt subsequently. Due to the development of its harbor and the railroads, Jacksonville quickly became the transportation hub and leading industrial city in Florida by the 1880s.
Jacksonville is one of the leading transportation and distribution hub. The strength of the city's economy lies in its broad diversification. The economy of the city is balanced among distribution, financial services, biomedical technology, consumer goods, information services, manufacturing, and other industries. Jacksonville has the largest deepwater port in the South Atlantic .It is also the leading port in the U.S. for automobile imports.