Kodiak is one of 7 communities and the main city on Kodiak Island, Kodiak Island Borough, in the U.S. state of Alaska. The population was estimated to be 6,357 in July 2009.
Originally inhabited by Alutiiq natives for more than 7000 years, the city was settled in the 18th century by Russian immigrants and then, it became the capital of Russian Alaska. As part of the Alaska Purchase by the United States in 1867, Kodiak became a commercial fishing center which continues to this day. A lesser economic influence includes tourism, mainly by those seeking outdoor adventure trips. Salmon, halibut, the unique Kodiak Bear, elk, Sitka Deer (black tail), and mountain goats invite hunting tourists as well as fishermen to the Kodiak Archipelago.All commercial transportation between the entire island and the outside world goes through this city by two modes: either via ferryboat or airline.
Transportation to and from the island is provided by ferry service on the Alaska Marine Highway as well as local commercial airlines.The U.S. Coast Guard has a major presence in in the city.