A person in Long Beach who fastens books together and puts covers on them is generally known as a bookbinder. The origination of book binding was in India. In the ancient era the holy sutras were copied with a metallic stylus on the palm leaves which were cut laterally into two pieces. Then the leaf was dried and ink was rubbed in the same. This would create a tint in the space. The completed leaves were named with numbers, and two long strings were threaded through each end through wooden boards. However, from the 5th century onwards the Western books were bound between hard covers, and the pages were prepared from parchment crumpled and stitched with strong cords. These cords were attached to the wooden boards and were protected with leather. Earlier the books were entirely handwritten using handmade tools, hence the sizes and styles varied significantly. As a result, each book was a unique creation. People who live their livelihoods by printing books are known as Book Printers in Long Beach. This profession has been now extended to print-press also. Book printing includes hard cover or soft cover books consuming a wide variety of binding categories. Apart from this, publishing software applications or some version of book printing software is often used also.