Miami is the second-largest city in Florida. It is located in the southeast part of the state, on Biscayne Bay.
Miami was founded in 1870 near the site of Ft. Dallas, built in 1835 during the Seminole Indian wars. The city's name is probably derived from “Mayaimi,” an Indian word for “big water.”The area was once the home of the Tequesta Indians until they were nearly wiped out by European diseases and warfare brought on by two centuries of Spanish control of Florida.Miami is the only U.S. city to have been planned by a woman. Julia Tuttle, a Clevelander, arrived there in 1891.
Flagler dredged Miami Harbor, a New York financier built the renowned Royal Palm Hotel, and promoted the area as a winter playground. Tourists flocked there, and by 1910 the city was a thriving recreational area. Miami survived the collapse of a land speculation boom in the 1920s and severe hurricanes in 1926 and 1935 and continued to expand. Miami, is now a bilingual metropolis.
Greater Miami has a diversified economy with numerous multinational and Fortune 500 companies.Miami is an international banking and finance center. It is the greatest concentration of international and Edge Act banks . It is a national leader in biomedical technology.The health care sector is a major industry of Miami. Greater Miami is also part of an area known as the Computer Coast of Florida. The city's growing technologies include computers, electrical engineering, and plastics manufacturing.
Miami is one of the world's leading resort centers. The city is a major transportation hub. The port of Miami is the world's largest cruise port and a major seaport for cargo. The famous island resort of Miami Beach, is connected to Miami by four causeways.