New Douglas is a village located in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is within Madison County known to be centered on the local coal mines and farming in the early 1900s. It has a total area of 1.07 square miles at 38°58′12″N 89°40′3″W. The elevation is 319 feet above sea level. As of the 2010 census data, it had a total population of 354. The population density was 296.99/sq mi. Estimated per capita income in 2016 was $26,551. It has Zip code 62074.