Nome is a city in the Nome Census Area in the Unorganized Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska, located on the southern Seward Peninsula coast on Norton Sound of the Bering Sea. According to the 2010 Census, the city population was 3,598. Nome was incorporated on April 9, 1901, and was once the most populous city in Alaska. Nome lies within the region of the Bering Straits Native Corporation (BSNC).
Inupiat hunted for game on the west coast of Alaska from prehistoric times and there is recent archeological evidence to suggest that there was an Inupiat settlement at Nome, known in Inupiat as Sitnasuak, before the discovery of gold.
The city of Nome claims to be home to the world's largest gold pan. There was a concerted gold rush in the region in the early twentieth century. Total gold production for the Nome district has been at least 3.6 million ounces. Around 1960, the other contributors to the economy are the local Inuit population was involved in ivory carving and the U.S. military that had stationed troops in the city also contributing to the local economy. At this point placer gold mining was still the leading economic activity.
Nome is a regional center of transportation for surrounding villages. There are two state-owned airports, the Nome Airport and the Nome City Field. Nome also has a seaport, used by freight ships and cruise ships. However, there is no road connection to the major cities of Alaska, neither are there any railroads going to or from Nome.