Pelham is a town located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. It is within Hampshire County included in the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has a total area of 26.5 square miles at 42°23′35″N 72°24′15″W. The elevation is 1,146 feet above sea level. Pelham was founded in 1743 named after the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; Henry Pelham. The total population of the 2010 census data was 1,321 with a population density of 56.0/sq mi. Estimated per capita income in 2016 was $43,731. Recent job growth is negatively decreased by 0.29 percent. The average travel time is 28 minutes. Pelham and Amherst shared a Zip code 01002.