Sacramento is the capital of California. It was made the state capital in 1854.It is located in the north-central part of the state between the Sacramento and American rivers.
In 1839, German-born Swiss citizen John Augustus Sutter established a colony for fellow Swiss emigrants on a large tract of land. He named it New Helvetia (New Switzerland). He established Fort Sutter for trading.
The settlement rapidly expanded as the prominent supply point for gold prospectors coming from the East. Sacramento was laid out in 1848 and named after California's principal river, which ran beside it. The river's name in Spanish honors the Holy Sacrament. Sacramento was the terminus of the first railroad in 1856.It was made the western terminus of the Pony Express in 1860.The city has always been a hub of river transportation and is a major deep-water port connected to the Pacific Ocean.
Sacramento's economy is diversified . Its industries include aerospace, high technology, furniture, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, meat packing, and food processing of crops from the Central Valley along with state government and military installations.