Salem is located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is within and the county seat of Fulton County along U.S. Routes 62/412 runs through the south side of the city, approximately 18 miles to Ash Flat in the southeast and west 36 miles to Mountain Home. It has a total area of 3.72 square miles at 36°22′14″N 91°49′26″W. The elevation is 663 feet above sea level. As of the 2010 census data, it had a total population of 1,635. The population density was 437.94/sq mi. Estimated per capita income in 2016 was $16,087. It has Zip code 72576.