Sanford has family planning services available. Family planning is conscious decision to plan the birth of children, use birth control methods and other techniques to implement the same. This helps families or would-be parents provide the children with the best possible resources and opportunities. These services also extend to providing education and awareness about sexuality, prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections, counseling at pre-conception stages, and infetility management. The country has federally funded programs such as Planned Parenthood for such services, along with other agencies. These employ professionals such as doctors, gynecologists, counselors, therapists and nurses. Inspite of the availability of effective contraceptives, many pregnancies in the country are unintended, especially among the teenage population. Wider availability of the same would help curb accidental pregnancies, leading to savings in direct medical costs. These service providers in Sanford may also carry out research in reproductive health and family planning.