Springfield is the third and current capital of the US state of Illinois.The city is operated by a mayor-council form of government.The economy of Springfield is generated by government jobs, which account for a large percentage of the work force in the city.
The State of Illinois is both the city and county's largest employer, employing 17,000 people across Sangamon County. In February 2007, government jobs, including local, state and county, account for about 30,000 of the city's non-agricultural jobs. Trade, transportation and utilities, and the health care industries each provide between 17,000 and 18,000 jobs to the city. The largest private sector employer in 2002 was Memorial Health Systems. 3,400 people worked for that company. According to estimates from the "Living Wage Calculator", maintained by Pennsylvania State University, the living wage for the city of Springfield is $7.50 per hour for one adult,approximately $13,000 working 2,000 hours per year.