Tulsa is the second-largest city in Oklahoma. It is located in the northeast part of the state on the Bank of River Arkansas.
Tulsa was settled in the 1830s by Creek Indians from Alabama. The Creeks named their new village “Tulsy,” meaning old town, in memory of their former home in Tallassee, Ala. The village became the town of Tulsa.
The first railroad in 1882 attracted white settlers to Tulsa. The town developed into a cattle-shipping center. When enormous oil deposits were discovered at nearby Red Fork in 1901 and at Glenn Pool in 1905, the city experienced rapid growth as a center of a booming petroleum industry.The city became a major inland port when the Tulsa port of Catoosa opened in 1971.
Tulsa is the focal point of the state's petroleum and telecommunications industries. It has a diversified economy. Other important industries include aerospace, chemicals, computer parts, automobile glass, fabricated metals, and industrial machinery.